Digital fluency in terms of education, is the ability to infuse technology readily and strategically into teaching and learning, to improve outcomes for students and enrich the environment of a classroom. Digital competencies must be recognised as a set of base skills which foster confidence and success in a dynamic 21st century society (Spencer, 2015).
To be a fully participating member of the digital world an individual must demonstrate technical proficiency. This skill involves selecting technologies and systems that are appropriate to specific digital worlds and tasks. Along with this, an individual must apply digital literacy or competency which includes being able to read, write and evaluate digital slang and visual elements. It is also important to be socially competent or have dispositional knowledge, ensuring effective communication among digital platforms (Spencer, 2015).
Throughout secondary school it is essential that students become comfortable with applications such as Word, Excel, Google, Powerpoint, iMovie etc. Students should be able to save and produce documents in various formats and understand what each of these mean in the digital world. Navigating a keyboard, using a printer and hard drive are all essential skills in an adult working environment (Howell, 2012). These skills contribute to issues of responsibility, equity and access, and are survival tools for an increasingly digitised society (Spencer, 2015). To help students develop these skills educators must incorporate technology into every learning topic. Teachers must not be afraid of stepping away from pen and paper to use a fun digital application. Many 21st century students require a different learning style and technology can help to unlock their potential (Howell,2012).
To participate in our digital society a basic level of digital fluency is required as health services, voting opportunities and bills are starting to be only accessed online. It has never been more important to ensure teachers and students are digitally fluent so they are not disenfranchised from accessing services that are the core of a functioning society (Spencer, 2015).
Howell, Jennifer. (2012). Teaching with ICT. Digital Pedagogies for Collaboration and Creativity. Retrieved from
Spencer, Karen. (2015, October). What Is Digital Fluency (Blog Post). Retrieved from
Capgemini. (2016). Digital Age (Image). Retrieved from